June 6th, 2006

Chris Keeley

Victorian London

so much to love here. Don't miss the sections on "Criminal Slang!"
Everything about Victorian London

The Victorian London site compiles tons of scanned and digitized public domain images and varied texts in one place, loosely organized by category. It's all a bit of a jumble, but then so was Victorian London -- and there's so much to love here. Don't miss the sections on "Criminal Slang!"
TRADES IN LONDON. The last population returns (1841) exhibit the following tradespeople, &c., residing in London

168,701 domestic servants.
29,780 dressmakers and milliners.
28,574 boot and shoemakers.
21,517 tailors and breechesmakers.
20,417 commercial clerks.
18,321 carpenters and joiners.
16,220 laundrykeepers, washers, and manglers.
13,103 private messengers and errand boys.
11,507 painters, plumbers, and glaziers.
9,110 bakers.
7,973 cabinetmakers and upholsterers.
7,151 silk manufacturers, (all branches).
7,002 seamen.
6,741 bricklayers.
6,716 blacksmiths.
6,618 printers.
6,450 butchers.
5,499 booksellers, bookbinders, and publishers.
4,980 grocers and teadealers.
4,861 tavernkeepers, publicans, and victuallers.
4,290 clock and watchmakers.


Chris Keeley

the luminous powers of the sunbeam are in antagonism to the chemical radiations, and as the one incr

Victorian London - Photography and Optical - Dageurreotype


THE first experiment made in England with the Daguerréotype was exhibited by M. St. Croix, on Friday, September 13, 1839, at No. 7, Piccadilly, nearly opposite the southern Circus of Regent-street; when the picture produced was a beautiful miniature representation of the houses, pathway, sky, &c., resembling an exquisite mezzotint. M. St. Croix subsequently removed to the Argyll Rooms, Regent-street, where his experimental results became a scientific exhibition. One of the earliest operators was Mr. Goddard. The discovery was patented by Mr. Miles Berry, who sold the first licence to M. Claudet for 100l. or 200l. a-year; and in twelve months after disposed of the patent to Dr. Beard, who, however, did not take a Daguerréotype portrait until after Dr. Draper had sent from New York a portrait to the Editor of the Philosophical Magazine, with a paper on the subject.
    With reference to the conditions of a London atmosphere, as regards its influence upon Daguerréotypic or Photographic processes, there are some very peculiar phenomena; for the following details of which we are indebted to Mr. Robert Hunt, F.R.S., the author of many valuable researches in Photography.

The yellow haze which not unfrequently prevails, even when there is no actual fog over the town itself, is fatal to all chemical change. This haze is, without doubt, an accumulation, at a considerable elevation, of the carbonaceous matter from the coal-fires, &c. Although a day may appear moderately clear, if the sun assume a red or orange colour, it will be almost impossible to obtain a good Daguerréotype. Notwithstanding in some of the days of spring our photographers obtain very fine portraits or views, it must be evident to all who examine an extensive series of Daguerréotypes, that those which are obtained in Paris and New York are very much more intense than those which are generally procured in London. This is mainly dependent upon the different amounts and kinds of smoke diffused through the atmospheres respectively of these cities. At the same time, there is no doubt the peculiarly humid character of the English climate interferes with the free passage of those solar rays which are active in producing photographic change. It was observed by Sir John Herschel, when he resided at Slough, that a sudden change of wind to the east almost immediately checked his photographic experiments at that place, by bringing over it the yellow atmosphere of London: this is called by the Berkshire farmers blight, from their imagining that smut and other diseases in grain are produced by it.
    It is a curious circumstance, that the summer months, June, July, and August, notwithstanding the increase of light, are not favourable to the Daguerreotype. This arises from the fact, now clearly demonstrable, that the luminous powers of the sunbeam are in antagonism to the chemical radiations, and as the one increases, the other diminishes. This may be imitated by a pale yellow glass, which, although it obstructs no light completely, cuts off the chemical rays, and entirely prevents any photographic change taking place.

John Timbs, Curiosities of London, 1867

The Victorian Dictionary
compiled by Lee Jackson

Chris Keeley

U.S. military officials admitted that Washington will not compensate the millions of Vietnamese suff

U.S. Refuses to Help Vietnamese Agent Orange Victims
Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld is traveling to Asia this week. During his stop in Vietnam, U.S. military officials admitted that Washington will not compensate the millions of Vietnamese suffering from the affects of Agent Orange, used by the U.S. military during the Vietnam War. Meanwhile Rumsfeld traveled to Indonesia to mark the restoration of Washington’s military ties to the Indonesian government.

UN Warns Global Warming Affecting World’s Deserts
The United Nations warned Monday that the world’s deserts are facing dramatic threats because of global warming.

  • Kaveh Zahedi, deputy director of the United Nations Environment Program: "The report shows that climate change is having a serious effect on deserts. We see that temperatures are climbing, we see that rainfall is decreasing in many of the deserts and is due to decrease even further. We see that the glaciers that support the ecosystems within the desert are melting and of course all of these - and the change in the temperatures, the change in the rainfall patterns

Bush’s New Domestic Policy Adviser Caught Lying About Past
In news from Washington, President Bush’s new domestic policy advisor has been caught lying about his past. The official, Karl Zinsmeister, has maintained he was the founding editor of the American Enterprise magazine, published by the think tank of the same name. In fact the magazine was founded four years before he became editor. Questions are also being raised about past comments Zinsmeister made about journalists. In March 2003, at the start of the Iraq war, he said: “A significant number are whiny and appallingly soft…. I almost wished there would be a very loud explosion very nearby just to shut up their rattling.”

Chris Keeley

Chris met her in AA, they discovered a shared history with junk, and soon fell into using together.

Chris met her in AA, they discovered a shared history with junk, and soon fell into using together. The couple seems perfect for each other -- two self-destructive addicts attracted to danger -- and Julianna is smart enough and scary enough to lead Christopher astray, or to get herself killed.

Much ado about nothing
By Heather Havrilesky


Much ado about nothing

What exactly has happened to "The Sopranos"? And after two years of waiting, will we have any patience left when the final chapter airs in six more months?

By Heather Havrilesky

Jun. 05, 2006 | How could it end this way? After recovering from the gunshot wound inflicted by Uncle Junior at the beginning of the sixth season, Tony told Dr. Melfi, "Every day is a gift." Fans expected every episode of "The Sopranos" in this final season to feel like a gift, too, but instead we got old, familiar stories and a finale without fireworks. As the credits rolled on a bucolic Christmas scene apparently stolen from a "Full House" holiday special, it was hard not to shake our fists at the sky and moan, "We waited two years, for this?" Why do the gods mock us so?

David Chase, creator of "The Sopranos," has always thumbed his nose at the traditional pace, dialogue, plot structure and viewer expectations of television. In so doing, he changed the nature of the televised drama, and countless high-quality shows have followed in his footsteps since "The Sopranos" first aired in January of 1999. But in this last season of the show, Chase clearly expects his viewers to have an unlimited amount of patience and faith in his storytelling abilities.

Forget that after two years of waiting, it's been a relatively uneventful season from the start, not the kind of season you'd expect from what was once considered the best show on television, when the writers have had plenty of time to think things through, more than enough time to come up with something truly big and devastating and unexpected. Forget that this is a show known for its gripping finales, or that a bunch of loose ends needed to be tied up, or that when you use the word "finale" to describe an episode, you invite the assumption that viewers are going to be given the vaguest whiff of what's in store in the final hours of the show, particularly when they have to wait another six months to find out what happens next. Forget all of that. Chase and the writers left us with following closing lines, delivered by AJ's brand-new girlfriend Blanca and Carmela as they're celebrating Christmas Eve together with the family.

Blanca: You have a gorgeous home.

Carm: Thank you. (Pausing to look around.) We do.

A nice little exchange of small talk, and the credits roll. Yes, we get it: Carmela is having a moment, appreciating all that she has been given, ostensibly before it all falls apart.

But Carmela may be the only one who's feeling grateful right about now. For 13 weeks, loyal fans of "The Sopranos" have endured a pretty predictable season by preoccupying themselves with how the season might end. "Be patient," they told each other. "Big things are just around the bend. It's obvious." But all that was around the bend was a story line we've seen many times before: An associate of Tony's strays off the expected path (in Vito's case, by having his homosexuality discovered), makes a few errors in judgment (by returning to New Jersey where homophobic mob guys are thirsty for his blood) and winds up dead. You know, just like Big Pussy, Richie, Ralphie, Tony Blundetto and Adriana, only Vito was less central to the story than those characters, and his death had far less of an impact on the main characters than those other deaths did. 


Chris Keeley

leading figures of the antiwar movement in the United States, co-founder of Gold Star Families for P

Antiwar Candidates Challenge Incumbent Democrats in House and Senate Races

Tuesday, June 6th, 2006


The 2006 mid-term elections are just five months away. In the Senate, close to three-dozen seats are up for grabs, while all 435 seats are open in the House. Democrats hope growing public discontent with the Bush administration will help them win control of Congress from the Republicans. But some of this year's most heated races won't just come down to Republicans vs. Democrats - or Independents - in November. Rather, in primaries this week and continuing through the summer, some of the country's closely-watched races will pit Democrats - against Democrats. And there's one main issue that's creating the fault line: the war in Iraq.

Across the country, a handful of challengers are taking some of the leading Democratic figures to task for voting to send US troops to Iraq and refusing now to bring them home. On this issue and others like government wiretapping, these candidates say many elected Democrats have betrayed core party values and provided political cover for the Bush administration.

We hear from four of these candidates that are shaking up races across the country: Jonathan Tasini in New York, Marcy Winograd in California, Ned Lamont in Connecticut and John Bonifaz in Massachusetts. [includes rush transcript - partial]


We begin here in New York with Jonathan Tasini. He is a union leader and organizer, and former president of the National Writers Union. He is running against incumbent New York Senator Hillary Clinton for the Democratic nomination.

Joining him here in our Firehouse studio is Cindy Sheehan. Since the death of her son Casey in Iraq in April 2004, she has emerged as one of the leading figures of the anti-war movement in the United States. She is the co-founder of Gold Star Families for Peace. She has called on Democrats to vote against their pro-war incumbents. Welcome to Democracy Now!

We invited Senator Clinton to come on the program but her office declined our request.


  • Cindy Sheehan, her son Casey was killed in Iraq in April 2004. She is the co-founder of Gold Star Families for Peace and a member of Voters For Peace.
  • Jonathan Tasini, union leader and organizer. He is the former president of the National Writers Union.


Joining us from a studio in Los Angeles is Marcy Winograd. She's a teacher and longtime activist. She's running against incumbent California Congressmember Jane Harman for the Democratic nomination in California's 36th Congressional District. The primary vote in that race is today.


  • Marcy Winograd, teacher and longtime activist..


We turn back to the Senate for one of the most-watched races of the primary season. Joe Lieberman, the three-term Democratic Senator from Connecticut, is facing his first major challenge to re-election since he won his seat eighteen years ago. Senator Lieberman has been one of the most vocal Democratic supporters of the Iraq war. Anti-war sentiment is growing in Connecticut. A recent poll showed more than 60 percent of the state's voters believe the war in Iraq is wrong.

Disenchantment with Lieberman within his own party has grown so vocal he recently refused to rule out leaving the Democratic ticket and running as an Independent. His opponent joins us now in our firehouse studio. Ned Lamont is a former telecommunications executive. He won a third of the delegate vote at the Democratic Party's state convention last month to put him on the ballot in the primary on August 8th. We invited Senator Lieberman on the program but he was unavailable to join us.


Chris Keeley

The U.S. in the past has had two fundamental mechanisms for controlling Latin America: one is violen

"The United States is Terrified" - Noam Chomsky on Latin America's Move Towards "Independence and Integration"

Tuesday, June 6th, 2006


Noam Chomsky - the renowned linguist and political analyst - was in New York Monday where he gave a press conference at the United Nations. Democracy Now! was there to capture Chomsky's two-hour exchange with reporters. We play an excerpt of the press conference where Chomsky talks about the current political climate in Latin America. [includes rush transcript]


Noam Chomsky - the renowned linguist and political analyst - was in New York Monday where he gave a press conference at the United Nations. Democracy Now! was there to capture Chomsky's two-hour exchange with reporters. Chomsky is professor of linguistics and philosophy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is author of dozens of books, including his latest "Failed States: The Abuse of Power and the Assault on Democracy." We go now to an excerpt of Monday's press conference. Chomsky was asked to give his take on the current political climate in Latin America.


  • Noam Chomsky, speaking June 5, 2006.

AMY GOODMAN: As we end today's show, we turn to Noam Chomsky, the renowned linguist and political analyst. He was in New York Monday, where he gave a news conference at the United Nations. Democracy Now! was there to capture some of his two-hour exchange with reporters from around the world.

    NOAM CHOMSKY: Now remember, the U.S. is a global power, so you can't just look at one region. You have to look at what's going on everywhere. So if we go back, say, to the last intelligence projection of the Clinton administration, National Intelligence Council, year 2000, their projection for the next 15 years, they -- just keeping to energy, but there's a lot more. They took it as a matter of course that the United States would control Middle East oil. They don't discuss that much. And then they say the United States, though it will control Middle East oil, because that’s a lever of world control, nevertheless it, itself, will rely on what were called more stable Atlantic Basin resources, meaning West African dictatorships and the western hemisphere. That's what the U.S. will rely on.

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Chris Keeley

a dozen sensational performances, among them Keith Carradine as Hickok; Dayton Callie as his sidekic

David Milch explores the Dakota Territory.
Issue of 2006-06-12
Posted 2006-06-05

It has been many years since Westerns were essentially black-and-white, cut-and-dried stories of good versus evil: morality tales with lots of horses and guns and one of everything else—a sheriff, an outlaw, an embattled hero, a town drunk, a whore with a heart of gold, a honky-tonk piano, and a schoolteacher from Illinois, who found out shortly after arriving in town that, for worse and for better, there was more to life than book learnin’. Indians were, for the most part, the obstacle that had to be overcome—although sometimes there was a “good one.” Although Westerns have evolved, the conventions are still often glaring, making even Westerns that have gray, shadowy moral areas a tough sell to some people. There’s just too much dust, leather, whinnying, shooting, and mud—too much brown—and not enough talking, understanding, humor, and complexity. The trappings of Westerns make them seem fake and message-y, even as they strain to be realistic. David Milch’s “Deadwood,” which begins its third season on HBO on Sunday, is the exception to the rule; in what I’d assumed was very poor soil, he’s produced a gorgeously living thing.

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Chris Keeley

different from branding Keitel before all the world as an enraged and self-pitying drug user.

Questions for Lorraine Bracco

The Doctor Is In

Q: As the actress who plays Dr. Jennifer Melfi on "The Sopranos," might you be willing to spill a few details about the plot of the season finale?

Don't you know better? "The Sopranos" people don't reveal any of the story plots.

Just checking to see if you can keep a secret, which is certainly a professional requirement for any psychiatrist.

I'm an actor. Hello! Hello! I missed out on those 10 years of Yale University.

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