Anatomy of a Pygmie bookThese beautiful illustrations are from a first edition copy of Edward Tyson's 1699 book Orang-Outang, sive Homo Sylvestris: or, the Anatomy of a Pygmie compared with that of a Monkey, an Ape, and a Man. This rare work is up for auction on eBay today. With only 8 hours left, the current bid is $2,275. The BibliOdyssey blog puts the book and Tyson in context.
From the text of Anatomy of a Pygmie:"I take him to be wholly a Brute, tho' in the formation of the Body, and in the Sensitive or Brutal Soul, it may be, more resembling a Man, than any other Animal; so that in this Chain of the Creation, as an intermediate Link between an Ape and a Man, I would place our Pygmie."Link
“one would be apt to think, that since there is so great a disparity
between the Soul of a Man, and a Brute, the Organ likewise in
which ’tis placed should be very different too.”